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How to mirror/sync a remote ftp folder with a local folder

lftp is one of the best command line utilities currently available for working with ftp servers, One of its useful features is mirroring which is suitable for backup purposes and very useful for slow connections. In this article i'm going to show you how to use this utility to backup and mirror your files a ftp server.

Simple Usage

The following script mirros your local folder to a remote ftp server, it only updates the changes you've made since the last execution so only the first time requires lots of bandwidth :


lftp -f "
open $HOST
user $USER $PASS
mirror --reverse --delete --verbose $SOURCEFOLDER $TARGETFOLDER
You can save it as and execute it using the following command :

Advanced Usage

lftp offers many parameters, here i'll explain some of the most useful ones :

--reverse : Indicates that you want to update your remote folder. if you want to update your local folder then you should remove this option and also swap values of TARGETFOLDER and SOURCEFOLDER variables
--delete : It tells lftp that you want to remove all the files/folders that no longer exist on source folder
--use-cache : If you're about to sync very large number of files, this option can speed up things a lot. It does not have any effect the first time but in the next sessions it uses local cache instead of scanning the remote server
--exclude : Sometimes there are folder/files on both source and target folders that have nothing to do with the mirroring, using this option we can tell lftp to ignore this sort of files

FTP servers' version and configuration is not always the same , so the above scripts might not always work,

The usual issue is Passive Mode, and occurs when the client (you) is behind proxy or firewall.


  1. Prefer using rsync or wget for this, to transfer data securely(even from a remote ftp folder) and to make sure that minimum data transfers occur on slower connections.
    Since rsync uses delta to update any files that may already be present in the folder you are about to sync this is always a preferable method.

  2. Thanks Avi for your suggestion. You can post your preferred code for the same as well.


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Virus f Opyum Team

Symptoms :: 
Several processes running named f or i. 
Network choked
Apache Dead
Unknown entry  * * * * * root f Opyum Team in crontab

Investigate ::
Try to kill the f process and even root will be unable to kill it. Check file named f and i in /etc or /bin or /usr/sbin directory. Try to delete, the file f  will not delete.  Some unknown .jpg files will be there in the same folder. 

Solve :: The root is unable to delete the file f because of the immutable bit in f
To remove it use ses or chattr
Follow the below steps to remove it completely.....

remove the unknown .jpg files in system folders

(kill process f) option k

#ses -i /bin/f
#rm /bin/f
#ses -i /etc/crontab
#vi /etc/crontab (and delete last line)

Precautions ::  In my case the server was hacked bu Brute-force attack
So set a good password with a combination of upper,lower case letters and special characters.

Post your feedback or any issues you may face removing the virus.  Very less number of good threads are there explaining …